The Gaia Early Data Release 3, consist of astrometry, photometry, radial velocities, astrophysical parameters and variability information for about 1.8 billion sources brighter than magnitude 21.
EDR3 completness as improved over DR2 but it still miss many bright stars so you must use it along with the default Hipparcos catalog.
You can read more detail about GAIA EDR3 in the release documentation
What to do if I already install the Gaia DR2 catalog?
Upgrading to EDR3 will hardly make a difference in the chart display.
Reason to upgrade is if your are sensible to one of the improvement made by EDR3, principally better precision for astrometry and photometry, see the documentation link above.
You can use the GAIA EDR3 data with Skychart without installing anything by using the VO catalog feature.
Make a chart in Eq projection with a FOV of 10-15 arc minutes in the area of interest.
Open the Catalog settings.
Click Add in the VO catalog tab and search for EDR3, select the catalog I/350, click Select catalog.
Select the first tab I/350/gaiaedr3, enter the default magnitude: 21, for “Name” select EDR3Name, click Download catalog.
Make sure the GAIA EDR3 row is green and click the OK button.
If no star are show be sure in menu “Chart/Show Objects” that “Show stars” and “Show Virtual Observatory data” are checked.
You can return to the screen later to load the data for a new area with a click on the arrow in the Reload column.
You can download this full catalog for local offline use.
This catalog include the following fields: source_id, ra, dec, phot_g_mean_mag, phot_bp_mean_mag, phot_rp_mean_mag, pmra, pmdec, parallax, radial_velocity.
You can search by source_id using the format: Gaia EDR3 1328053954366555648.
The Vizier link at the bottom of the detailed information window give you access to all the other Gaia data for the selected star.
This catalog work with Skychart version 4.2 but searching by EDR3 name require a version of Skychart higher than 4.3-4238.
The files are split in three parts of increasing magnitude so you can limit your download size.
You can download each part using Bittorent for better reliability, open the torrent files in your bittorrent client software to download the real data:
For convenience you can also download the files from your browser using http, but this is likely to take more time and is less reliable than the torrent: https://vega.ap-i.net/pub/GaiaEDR3/
Extract all the 3 zip file on the same directory, preferably in a “gaia” directory in your Documents folder, do not extract in “Program Files” or in /usr. This make the following directories:
From Skychart, menu Setup/Catalog check Gaia and indicate the full path for Documents/gaia , not for any of the sub-directories.
As many bright stars are still missing from the Gaia data you must also check Hipparcos at the same time as Gaia to add them.
It is mandatory to install the lower parts, you cannot install only gaia3 without gaia1 and gaia2.
But you can install only gaia1 if the magnitude 15 is sufficient for you.
The HNSKY software use a very interesting compact format that is complimentary to the Skychart format. Many thanks to Han Kleijn for building this database and to help me to use them from Skychart.
You can make your choice between four versions of different limiting magnitude, with color or not.
You can download them from: https://sourceforge.net/projects/hnsky/files/star_databases/
After installing the data, open the menu “Setup / Catalog / Other software data” to select the file path and the database you want.
A big advantage of this files is the compactness, you can have very good star data to magnitude 16 in a download of only 346 MB.
You can share the same data with HNSKY, ASTAP and CdC, no additional download is required.
But this is at the cost of limited data for each star: coordinates, magnitude and color.
GAIA use its own specific passbands for the star magnitude.
On a first approximation you can imagine G as equivalent to unfiltered CCD, BP as the full visual range (B+V+R), and RP as the I near infrared.
The Skychart catalog show this three magnitudes and in addition it compute a V magnitude and a B-V color index using the relation given in the GAIA documentation. The star diameter on the chart is relative to the G magnitude.
The HNSKY database V16 and V17 use the V magnitude and show the BP-RP color index as well as B-V computed using the same relation. G17 and G18 use the BP magnitude.